The Old Testament

The Old Testament archives the beginning of God’s work to redeem God’s people. From the very beginning, God had a plan that no enmity or enemy could stop.


After the Israelites spent decades in exile, they finally were able to return home. Due to comfort and convenience, some Israelites never returned. A remnant came back to the land to reestablish the nation and await the Messiah. Life In Exile Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther conclude the historical section of the Old Testament, and they highlight Israel’s return to their


After the division of the kingdom into Israel and Judah, the nation continued to spiral out of control.  As sin increased, God sent prophets to warn the nations about impending punishment.  Their disregard led to their exile. 16 – Exile The Purpose of the Prophets Prophecy does not simply mean foretelling the future. The primary job was to speak for God to


After the prominence experienced during David and Solomon’s reign, the kingdom was divided and gradually descended into a shadow of what the nation was intended to be.  Led by many ungodly leaders, the nation drifted further from God’s instructions. Division Handout OVERVIEW The division phase of the Old Testament focuses on when Israel endured a civil war of sorts and divided


After the people got what they desired in King Saul, God appointed another king to lead his people.  As David took the throne, the kingdom of Israel was established. THE FALL OF KING SAUL After David defeats Goliath, Israel begins to praise David more than King Saul (1 Sam. 18:7). King Saul tries to kill David, but David will not seek


Since the people got stuck in a cycle of sin during the time of the judges, it showed the need for a stable leader.  Instead of relying on God or a godly leader, the people rejected the model of a king they needed. The Rejection of Yahweh Judges 21:25 sets the stage: “In those days there was no king in


After Joshua settled the people into the Promised Land, the people failed to finish the task of removing idolatry from the area.  The people got stuck in a cycle of sin which God would alleviate through the hands of judges. OVERVIEW OF JUDGES In between Joshua’s leadership and the establishment of King Saul, Israel was led by a line of judges.


After wandering through the wilderness for 40 years, Joshua leads the Israelites into the Promised Land.  As they move into the land, they are to remove any trace of idolatry from within Canaan or within their hearts. JOSHUA OUTLINE Entering the Land (1:1-5:15) Taking the Land (6:1-12:24) Dividing the Land (13:1-21:45) Occupying the Land (22:1-24:33) ENTERING THE LAND Joshua is charged


After the Israelites’ receive the commandments, they begin their trek to reach the Promised Land. Due to their disobedience, they suffer through the wilderness wanderings for forty years. THE REASON FOR THE WANDERINGS The Israelites wandered 40 years in the wilderness before ever reaching the Promised Land. Part of their delay was due to worshiping other gods or idols. One