After the prominence experienced during David and Solomon’s reign, the kingdom was divided and gradually descended into a shadow of what the nation was intended to be.  Led by many ungodly leaders, the nation drifted further from God’s instructions.

Division Handout


  • The division phase of the Old Testament focuses on when Israel endured a civil war of sorts and divided into two nations.
  • The land and people were divided with Israel in the north and Judah in the south.
  • This section is separated by:
    • 1) First period experienced hostility (1 Kings 12:1-16:28),
    • 2) Period of peace (1 Kings 16:29-2 Kings 8:29), and
    • 3) Renewed hostilities prior to the fall of the northern kingdom (2 Kings 9-17).


  • Elijah, like many other prophets, attempted to call God’s people back to obedience.
  • Elijah’s name means “Yahweh is my Elohim.”
  • His name shows the type of ministry he would have.
  • When his nation is turning from God, he speaks out against the sin.
  • He confronts the prophets of Baal and wins (1 Kings 18).
  • After this experience, he is depressed and suicidal (1 Kings 19).
  • His earlier boast (1 Kings 18:22) is the same as his later complaint (1 Kings 19:10) – “I am the only one left.”


  • While many kings turned away from the LORD, there were some like Josiah who led the people back to obedience.
  • Josiah became king of Judah at 8 years old (2 Kings 22:1).
  • He is the prime kingly example of how a godly leader can turn things around.
  • Under his reign, the Book of the Law was rediscovered in the temple (2 Kings 22:8).
  • Upon reading it, King Josiah made sweeping changes to avoid God’s wrath.
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